Neoprobe Corporation (NYSE Amex: NEOP), a diversified developer of innovative oncology diagnostic products, today announced top-line results from its Lymphoseek® (tilmanocept) NEO3-09 study. The NEO3-09 study met all primary and secondary endpoints and highlighted the superior performance by Lymphoseek compared to vital blue dye in intraoperative lymphatic mapping (ILM), a procedure in which lymph nodes are identified for biopsy to assess for the presence of tumor. The NEO3-09 Phase 3 clinical study, the Company’s second successful Phase 3 study for Lymphoseek, enrolled over 150 subjects with either breast cancer or melanoma within the intent-to-treat (ITT) population. Lymphoseek performed equally well in both cancer types. As previously disclosed by the Company, the full NEO3-09 data set will be presented at the 2011 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, June 3-7, in Chicago.
“The results from NEO3-09 are important not only in that they demonstrate that Lymphoseek is safe and well-tolerated but in many ways that it is a clinically superior lymphatic mapping agent to vital blue dye,” said Dr. Vernon K. Sondak, Chief of the Division of Cutaneous Oncology at the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center and Research Institute. “Currently, vital blue dyes like isosulfan blue are the only FDA-approved agents for ILM. These blue dyes are helpful, but have significant limitations. Lymphoseek provided clinically meaningful advantages over the blue dyes and I believe it will be a useful agent in ILM.”
The primary endpoint of this study was the comparison, or concordance rate, of Lymphoseek versus vital blue dye in ILM, where vital blue dye was designated as the “Truth Standard” comparator. NEO3-09 study subjects yielded over 200 lymph nodes stained with vital blue dye. Of the vital blue dye stained nodes, Lymphoseek detected all of them, a concordance rate of 100%, which is highly statistically significant. This concordance rate was consistent with the rate observed in the NEO3-05 Phase 3 study of approximately 98%, which also was highly statistically significant.
Using Lymphoseek as the Truth Standard, the reverse concordance rate for vital blue dye was approximately 60%, a finding similar to the retrospective reverse concordance rate observed in the NEO3-05 Phase 3 study of approximately 69%. These data demonstrate that in these studies vital blue dye statistically was not equivalent to, and in fact was inferior to, Lymphoseek in this measure of lymph node detection.
Use of the concordance data and reverse concordance data in a pre-specified, prospective test of superiority showed that Lymphoseek’s performance was statistically superior to vital blue dye in lymph node detection.
Lymphoseek also demonstrated a superior ability to detect lymph nodes that contained cancer. In NEO3-09, the ILM procedures found pathology-confirmed, cancer-positive lymph nodes at a rate consistent with the general rate of nodal involvement typically observed in these cancer types. Of these pathology-confirmed, cancer-positive nodes, Lymphoseek detected all of them, for a failed detection rate of 0%. In contrast, vital blue missed over 25% of cancer-positive nodes. This prospective analysis confirmed the lower failed detection rate for Lymphoseek observed retrospectively in the NEO3-05 Phase 3 study. Lymphoseek’s substantially lower failed detection rate means that it missed fewer lymph nodes containing cancer, a key finding given that the objective of ILM is to determine if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.
In both NEO3-09 and NEO3-05, Lymphoseek demonstrated no drug-related serious adverse events or clinically significant adverse events, whereas vital blue dye showed several significant drug-related adverse events. In over 500 subjects receiving Lymphoseek to date, no clinically significant drug-related adverse events have been reported.
In a full regional lymph node dissection procedure, a patient with breast cancer or melanoma may have as many as 20 to 30 lymph nodes removed in order to determine whether or not cancer has spread to other parts of their body. This very invasive procedure frequently causes significant side effects. In the NEO3-05 and NEO3-09 studies combined, Lymphoseek detected an average of 2.4 lymph nodes per patient, whereas vital blue dye detected a similar average of approximately 1.5 lymph nodes per patient. With this relatively small difference in number of nodes removed, Lymphoseek exhibited superior performance in detecting lymph nodes containing cancer, as evidenced by its lower failed detection rate noted above. The average number of lymph nodes detected by Lymphoseek in a much less invasive manner is still far below the number of lymph nodes removed in full regional node dissection procedures, thus potentially sparing the patient the morbidity and side effects commonly associated with more complete regional nodal dissection procedures.
“The NEO3-09 Phase 3 study met its endpoints and confirmed the previous findings of high concordance and superiority demonstrated in the first Phase 3 study, NEO3-05,” said Dr. Fred Cope, Neoprobe’s Senior Vice President, Pharmaceutical Research and Clinical Development. “Lymphoseek also showed superiority in detecting lymph nodes that contained tumor. This is important because detecting lymph nodes bearing tumor is the underlying reason for performing ILM procedures to enable lymph-node biopsy.”
“In clinical studies, Lymphoseek has been shown to be a safe and effective tool for superior detection of lymph nodes and offers an enhanced ability to accurately identify nodes with a high potential of tumor metastases” stated Dr. Mark Pykett, Neoprobe’s President and CEO. “This results in lower failed detection rates than the current standard approach in intraoperative lymphatic mapping using vital blue dye. With these encouraging data, our plans are on track to submit the Lymphoseek New Drug Application to the FDA in the third quarter.”
Source: Neoprobe Corporation